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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Andrew Vale" <>
Date: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 05:46:41 -0700

FBI Special Agent Andrew Vale
Federal Bureau Of Investigations
Cyber security Dept.
200 McCarty Avenue Albany,NY 12209.
All Online Wire Transfer Investigation
REF#US F.B.I/019223/UN00155127/CONTRACT E/615AX.

Your Attn Beneficiary:(

After several reports from beneficiaries the UNITED NATIONS assigned
FBI Special Agents to visit Africa, As FBI/UNITED NATIONS delegates to
investigate fraudsters who are in the business of swindling Foreigners
from various countries. Please be informed that during our
investigation, we found out that there is a total amount of
US$10million that has been duly assigned in your name as the
beneficiary in CBN Central Bank Of Nigeria, But these fraudsters were
busy swindling you without any hope of receiving your fund.

These are the works of the fraudsters who needed to extort hard earned
money from you in the name of transaction for their own selfishness,
Be informed that we have arrested some bank officials and non-bank
officials those behind the delay of your Overdue fund.

Therefore, we sincerely implore you to forward all claim detailed
information if possible to support our investigation as we have met
the CBN Central Bank Governor to re-approve your fund immediately
without any more delay. Upon the fulfilling of this
obligations/requirement as stipulated in the deed of assignment with
the payment authority to expedite action in carrying out the release
of your US$10million. (

We have a very limited time to stay in Africa, Your response is highly
needed urgently as soon as you receive this message to expedite the
completion of your transaction after the investigation. You have to
stop every communication with impostor's criminals we don't want them
to know this new development to avoid jeopardizing our assignment
here, All you need is to conceal anything that has to do with this
exercise and cease from any illegal transaction to enable us get all
the necessary information required.

When responding include the required information below for
verification and evaluation of your fund release.

(1) Your full names;
(2) Phone, fax and mobile #;
(3) Home address/ Country
(4) Profession, Age and Marital status.
(5) Identity card/passport

I await your response as soon as you receive this email to ensure you
receive your fund that has been delayed by the fraudsters

Best Regard,
Andrew Vale (

Anti-fraud resources: