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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Harmush Hussein <>
Date: Sat, 21 Jul 2018 02:18:44 +0200
Subject: ASAP

I am Hussein Harmush from Syria, presently on a secret asylum facility in
Syria. I got your contact from a web business directory on investment. I
want to seek your assistance in the following ways: To assist me look for a
profitable business in your country (where I can invest to sustain my
living until the political crisis in my country Syria is over. 2) To assist
me purchase a living home, I have $15,400,000.00U in financial institution.
Should there be a need for an evidence, or a proof of my seriousness and
genuineness. I have Certificate of Deposit as a proof of fund.Please assist
me to come over to your country for resettlement and investment. I will
compensate you greatly for this help. I am also ready to associate with a
local partner, provided your Government will give me a Residence Permit.
Could you please send me an email to enable me know you have received my

Hussein Harmush.

Anti-fraud resources: