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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Cellen Edward" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 15:28:07 -0700
Subject: Greetings..

My name is Cellen Edward I have ($4.2 Million) from my late husband and I cannot think of anybody trying to kill me apart from my Late husband's second wife here in Ivory coast in order to inherit the money, she is an Ivorian by nationality I want you to contact me back As soon as i hear from you that you are competent to execute my desire, I will instruct my lawyer and the bank management to make the immediate transfer into your account. This is the favor I need when you have gotten the money 1 Give 30% of the money to Churches for the work of God. 2 Give 30% of the money to handicap people and charity organization,then the remaining one is yours.
Please get back to me as soon as possible

Anti-fraud resources: