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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DAVID HUME" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Jul 2018 13:16:07 -0700

Hon Ayodele Akintunde Chambers
No 37 Alen Avenue Ikeja.
I am Ayodele Akintunde a solicitor at law, I am the personal attorney to Engr Rex P.Gantt an expatriate and a consultant with an American Oil company who used to work with Shell - development company in Nigeria. Herein after shall be referred to as my client.
On the 21st of April 2014, my client, his wife and their three children were involved in a car accident. All occupants of the vehicle unfortunately lost their lives. Since then I have made several enquiries to the embassy to locate any of my clients extended relatives.After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to contact you.I have contacted you to assist in repatriating the money left behind by my client before they get confiscated or declared un-serviceable by the bank where this huge deposits were lodged, the Bank where the deceased had an account valued at about USD$8.3Million dollars has issued me a notice to provide the next of kin to my late client or have the account confiscated.
Since I have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives for over three years now, I seek your consent to present you as the next of kin to my late client and the inheritor of the fund so that the proceeds of this account valued at USD8.3Million dollars can be paid to you and then you and I can share the money.
I have all necessary legal documents that can be used to back up this inheritance claim and I will send them to you. All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us see this inheritance claim through. I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law.
If you are interested in working with me in this deal,kindly reply strictly to my personal email with your personal telephone number full name and address for effective communication and oral clarification on how to proceed next.
Thanking you in anticipation for your favorable response.
Sincerely yours,
Hon Ayodele Akintunde
Legal Adviser

Anti-fraud resources: