fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: United States Department of Homeland Security <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: 26 Jun 2018 05:45:16 +0800
Subject: Have you received your funds?
Good Day ,
Have you received your funds of $5.5 Million dollars from the IRS
/ Home Land office If not contact the information below, this
Mail as been secure verify from the Home Land office United
Homeland Security US Department
Office Address : Federal Government Office 300 7th St SW
Email : email@example.com
Office Secretary : Mrs Ramona Hernandez
We are happy to inform you that at our office here we recover the
sum of Five Million Five hundred thousand United State dollars
from some Africa, Asia United Kingdom and even here in the State
from internet fraudster and gang with the help of international
Reason for contacting you is that we have found your email to be
among the people who are to be compensating with the sum above as
your email and name as fall among our list to pay.
The United State Government will not hold your payment for any
reasons as long as this email get to you then know that you have
been selected to receive the payment without any delay it dose
not matter which country you are from know that there is all
possible payment to you .
The IRS / Home Land have been waiting for you to get back to them
all this time i see no reason why you should abandon your funds.
Also make sure you Re-confirm your information to the IRS / Home
Land to avoid any mistake.
You can also confirm your information below to the Home Land
Full Name :
Full Home Address :
Tel Phone Number :
Contact the IRS / Home Land as soon as this mail get to you . to
avoid any delay of your payment Mr. John Ben have received his
fund $5.5 million a week ago.
Your email will be respond to as soon as you confirm your
information as we will treat your urgent and release your payment
of Five Million Five hundred thousand United State dollars ($5.5
Million ) to you please you are only advice to contact us if you
have not receive your payment and that is all.
Homeland Security US Department
Federal Government Office
300 7th St SW