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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr John Daniel" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 13:26:59 -0700
Subject: Projects, Commercial/Private Business funding

Dear Sir/madam,

Re: Projects, Commercial/Private Business funding.

Are you looking for funding/loans for your business, Projects, start up funding or funding for expansion of your existing Commercial/Private Business, commercial real estate developments, road constructions or looking for partners with the desire to participate in your business, we are here to help you achieve that goal.

My principal or I represent a high network of investors with large funds who are interested in investment opportunities away from their countries. Get back to me for further details if you are in need of funding/loans.


Mr John Daniel

Anti-fraud resources: