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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Joseph Ben" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 16:59:26 -0500
Subject: Re: 2nd Reminder Notice, We Request Your immediate attention

Attention: Sir/Madam,
Re: Payment instruction to credit your account with the sum of US $10,500,000.00 US Dollars
This is to notify you that your over due  contract funds has been approved for payment,via Key Telex Transfer (KTT) direct wire transfer to you by the African Development Bank through an online Banking or Direct Wire to Your Nominated account. However, a man wrote to our office yesterday, claiming to be your Attorney/Next of kin, According to his explanation you have been incapacitated as a result of which you handed over to him all your Over Due Inheritance/contract Funds.
Here are his information's
Bank's name-----Southern Cross Credit Union Ltd
Bank's address----2-4 Commercial Road, Murwillumbah NSW 2484 - Australia
Bank's phone---02 66722744
Account Name----Mr G R Burgess
Account No----BSB: 802-185        Account Number: 138001
Swift code --CUSCAU25
Please, do reconfirm to this office, as a matter of urgency if this man is from you So that the Bank will not be held  responsible for paying into the wrong account Name. AFDB Bank has been approved and accredited by the Ministry Of Finance and the Senate House committee for foreign over due fund,to pay all foreign Over due inheritance funds and contract to respective original beneficiaries this second quarter Payment of the year 2018. Base on the meeting held with the new Governor and board of directors of all African Banks on 27/04/2018
However, we will proceed to issue all payments details and conditions to the said Mr.Greg Burgess, if we do not hear from you within the next 72 working hours from today.  Please Reconfirm the following information while responding to this.
Full Name:
Your contact address:
Your phone number:
Your Occupation:
Your Sex:
Your Date of Birth:
Your Sincerely,
Dr. Ben Joseph
Pay-Master General
African Development Bank
International Operations and
Debt Reconciliations/Payment

Anti-fraud resources: