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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paul Benson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 28 May 2018 16:53:55 +0100
Subject: Good News..

Good news,the paying Bank in Nigeria has processed your funded Card and
I have collected it from them this morning on your behalf.So can you
come down and pick the Card or should I send it to you by courier?
Meanwhile,the Bank told me that they will send you the PIN NUMBER direct for
security reasons and they also told me that you can only withdraw $10,000.00
daily from this Card for years because they credited $3Million inside
this Card.
I need your full name, Home address Telephone number
to deliver your card to you.
I look forward to hear from you.
Paul Benson.
+234 9063 678 476

Anti-fraud resources: