fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- email:firstname.lastname@example.org dear confidant my name is jason hammond, a professional engineer who is interested in establishing some (Onet; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Jason Hammond" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 21 May 2018 19:22:09 +0700
Subject: PROJECT RE-PROFILING
My name is Jason Hammond, a professional engineer who is interested in establishing some capital investments within and outside our country, but with your assistance and
expertise. We would be happy to work with your esteemed person or company in this capacity. We solicit your partnership in a multi million dollars bid repayment proposal for contract in Iraq
I shall offer you more details when I am in receipt of your acceptance/consent email. I shall also let you know the following
* How I will introduce you/your company to the holding Ministry and make you the beneficiary of the funds.
* Who I am and why I have decided to sought for your assistance.
*What percentage of the money I am willing to give you for your assistance.
Kindly respond with your private phone and fax numbers for easier and faster communication. We would appreciate if you send a positive response to us on email@example.com
to enable us send you full details of the contract bid.Only when we hear from you in this box we know you are serious to deal.