fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "chambers" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- officer rhb banking group tel: +60 116 052 9516 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Syed Ahmad Taufik Albar" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 17 May 2018 05:37:13 +0800
Subject: Good Day...
I am Syed Ahmad Albar,a Group Chief Financial Officer with a RHB Bank
I am making this contact with you, based on reliable information
available to me courtesy of internet business index and confirmed by
my local chambers of commerce and industry concerning your
reputation.Thus I am convinced you would be capable to provide me with
a solution to my enquirers.
I will need your personal phone OR Fax number for detail explanation
of my plight.I have high regards and respect for your person.
Mr.Syed Ahmad Taufik Albar
Group Chief Financial Officer
RHB Banking Group
Tel: +60 116 052 9516
E-mail: email@example.com OR