fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "good day friend" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "DR HERIC ZAC" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 17 May 2018 11:16:35 -0700
Subject: YOUR NEXT OF KIN
Good Day Friend,
My name is DR HERIC ZAC, A Banker here in Malaysia, I occupy the position of an accountant in this branch office, it is with good spirit of heart I opened up this
great opportunity to you.
A deceased client of mine that bears the same last name with you, died as the result of a heart-related, he left behind US $ 18.5M Eighteen million five hundred
I seek your partnership in receiving these fund. If interested, reply
immediately for detailed information.
DR HERIC ZAC