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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: BruceMIN <>
Date: Tue, 15 May 2018 08:42:33 +0100
Subject: re

Hello, I must first make an apology for this unsolicited mail to you. My
name is Bruce Minto, I have a business proposal that will benefit both
us. Actually, I need you to partner with me in claiming of my late
deposit estate presently with a fiduciary/financial institution in

If interested respond accordingly for more information/details via my
E-mail: ( ) for further clarification. I look
to your urgent response.

Kind Regards,
Bruce Minto

Anti-fraud resources: