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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Yusuf" <>
Date: Sat, 12 May 2018 12:25:01 -0700
Subject: Mutual Business Partnership

Dr. Attahir B. Yusuf
Group Executive Director, Commercial and Investment,
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)
NNPC Towers, Central Business District,
Herbert Macaulay Way,
P.M.B. 190, Garki, Abuja.

Dear Friend
With due respect, I observe every protocols and pay all due compliments. I am Dr. Attahir B. Yusuf Group Group Executive Director, Commercial and Investment Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), I have with me the payment schedule for the next quarter of this year, which involves the name of Late Mr. Xie Zhenfeng who was among the Dana Plane Crash Victims on Sunday June 3rd, 2012, on his way back to Lagos from Abuja the Nigerian Capital. You can read more of this issue on the links below:
List of Names of Nigerian Plane Crash Victims on Sunday ... June 3rd, 2012 – Lagos Nigeria Plane Crash Victims: List & Names Of Passengers Who Died On Sunday According to a manifest from Dana Airline, below are the names of passengers/victims who died on Sunday June 3rd, 2012 in Lagos State’s Plane Crash.
I write to let you know that after the death of Mr.Xie Zhenfeng, Nobody has come to claim his contract amount as his next of Kin. I want to solicit for you to partner with me to claim his contract amount of $78M (Seventy Eight Million United States Dollars only)that is already due for payment to the presented beneficiary this quarter of the year.
On agreement to my proposal, I will forward to you the payment schedule and the project completion certificate with my international passport for identification.
I am ready to share the amount 50-50 with you as soon as the fund is claimed and transferred to your bank account.
Finally, we shall discuss on other things and modalities as soon as I receive your response to this proposal, meanwhile this should remain with you alone pending when you shall conclude, and if you are not interested, kindly delete the message.
Waiting to hear from you.

Yours faithfully,
Dr. Attahir B. Yusuf
Group Executive Director, Commercial and Investment
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC)

Anti-fraud resources: