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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Microsoft account team" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 6 Apr 2018 15:45:49 +0100
Subject: Avoid losing important mails

Microsoft account | Home

Your mailbox is almost full.

Mail Quota   98% Full
Current size   Maximum size

we are currently facing issue, whereby we've set the quota notification scheduled to be run at 1am every day,
however the quota notification was run at 9pm instead,
can you kindly advise?
Click Here To confirm your mail account.

Do This To Avoid Losing Important Incoming Mails.

Microsoft account team 2018
This notification was sent to you; any attachments transmitted are confidential and intended solely for the owner of this Mailbox

Anti-fraud resources: