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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "dr. david" <>
Reply-To: "dr. david" <>
Date: Fri, 6 Apr 2018 19:43:26 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dear friend

Dear friend,

I am very happy to inform you about my success in getting that fund.
Now,I want you to contact my secretary on the information below:
Name: Barr Steve Andrew, Ask him to send to you the total sum of (USD$1.5Million) in a Cashier Cheque, which I kept for your compensation.
So contact him immediately on his phone +234-908-381-2174, e-mail: ( ) and send him the below information to enable him deliver your cashier cheque to you.
1.YOUR FULL NAME:_________________
2.YOUR ADDRESS:____________________________
3.TELEPHONE NUMBER:___________
Contact Barr Steve Andrew, Ask him to send to you the total Amount of (USD$1.5Million)

Anti-fraud resources: