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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.James Odu." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 5 Apr 2018 23:46:00 -0700
Subject: Dear email owner,

Dear email owner,

This is to inform you that we have agreed to release your fund worth of($2.5 Million) which will come via ATM MASTER CARD,We find out that you are the true beneficiary of the mentioned amount. So we place the total fund into an ATM MASTER CARD. However, the below information is needed as to enable the profiling of your card and it delivery to you:

Full Name:
Phone Number:

Once we receive this information, we will proceed without delay.

Thank you,
Mr.James Odu.

Anti-fraud resources: