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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paulraj John Peter" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 5 Apr 2018 23:30:56 -0700
Subject: Investment Partnership!

Dear Prospective Partner,
I send you greetings. I have found your contact email address listed on an
Internet Business Directory and it is my wish to do business with you,
hence your receipt of this letter. , I am contacting you regarding
transaction linked with Mr. Chen Shui-bian the former President of Taiwan.
My name is Mr. Paulraj John Peter  my friend Mr. Chen Shui-bian has
presented a subtle offer which will need  the help of a partner like you to
complete successfully. Mr. Chen Shui-bian is in a difficult situation and
he must immediately relocate certain sums of money. More so, this must be
done in such a way that it must not be tied to Mr. Chen Shui-bian. The sum
is currently deposited in the name of an existing legal entity. Your role
will be to:
[1]. Act as the original beneficiary of the funds.
[2]. Receive the funds into a business/private bank account.
[3]. Invest/Manage the funds.
[4]. Value of funds: $145 Million USD.
Everything will be done legally to ensure the rights to the funds are
transferred to you. If you agree to partner with Mr. Chen Shui-bian, he
will compensate you with 40% of the total sum for your role as the
beneficiary partner to the funds. Should you prefer I re-contact you with
more express facts, you can send me your:
[1] Full Names:
[2] Personal Profile:
[3] Daytime Telephone No;
(4) Your Company Profile If Any.
Be advised to visit the following link to be better acquainted with Mr.
Chen Shui-bian's current profile and personality.
You can email me for further details, terms and agreement.
Paulraj John Peter

Anti-fraud resources: