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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR Ibrahim Ali" <>
Date: Fri, 6 Apr 2018 07:04:31 +0100

You may be surprised to receive my letter, however,I have decided to
contact you for confidential, Urgent and rewarding joint business.
My name is Ibrahim Ali was a Personal Assistant to the Late Libyan
President, Muammar Gaddafi, who was Killed in 20 March 2011 and my
of writing to you is because of the need for a trusted and honest
person if you are interested please reply back Best Regards, MR
Ibrahim Ali

Anti-fraud resources: