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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JOHN JOHNSON" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 5 Apr 2018 21:35:02 +0100
Subject: CALL ME IMMEDIATELY: +1-786-763-3265

John Johnson
Worldwide Courier Agent,
Tel: +1(786) 763-3265

What is going on? I got to your address and was told that no one bears your name. I tried to reach you on the phone but no one will answer. I have gone back to Miami Florida and will be leaving tomorrow. I need you to get back to me immediately with your correct address and telephone number if you receive this email and still want to receive your fund.

John Johnson.

Anti-fraud resources: