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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Sun, 18 Mar 2018 01:44:15 +0000
Subject: Hallo

Hallo schat, mijn naam is Ruth, ik ben 26 jaar oud, ik ben een vrijdenkend,=
openhartig meisje, ik ben een van de weinigen die nog steeds gelooft in vr=
iendschap, liefde, vertrouwen en tekenen, ben erg single en klaar om mengen=
. ik wil graag je vriend zijn als je het niet erg vindt, ik hoop dat je mij=
n verzoek niet als vanzelfsprekend aanneemt, voel je vrij om me een e-mail =
te sturen, ik zal het op prijs stellen als je me wat foto's kunt sturen naa=
r mijn priv=E9 e-mail, ik kijk er naar uit om snel van je te horen. Hello d=
ear, My name is Ruth, i am 26yrs old, i'm a free minded,open hearted girl,i=
'm one of the few that still believes in friendship, love, trust and signs,=
am very much single and ready to mingle. i will like to be your friend if =
you don't mind, i hope you will not take my request for granted,feel free t=
o email me, i will appreciate it if you can send me some pics to my private=
email,i look forward to hear from you soon.

Anti-fraud resources: