fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Eze Peters" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 06:19:15 -0600
Subject: Good day sir/ Madam
Good day sir/ Madam
I wish to inform you that after today meeting with the Central Bank
Governor order was giving to the Eastvile National Bank to use their
online banking to pay you and I thank God that the Eastvile National Bank
has agreed as I move your file to them today and I made suggestion to use
Online Banking to enable you have access to your fund and access to
transfer the funds from your online account.
The bank Manager of Eastvile National Bank also told me that with their
online banking you can transfer your money by yourself from your home or
office at your convenient time in your computer once you register and open
online account with their Eastvile National Bank but take note it will
cost you opening of account fee because your total money is now in bond
because I have already move your files to them and they will be giving you
their form with instructions to fill in their online web site and after
you fill form, they will give you access code to your account online and
you will now have the code to transfer your funds by yourself whenever you
wish, so feel free to contact them.
Contact Person: Dr Godwill Emeka
Address: 55 BP 991 Lagos, Nigeria.
Office Land Line: 00 234 809 190 4639
Mobile Line: 00 234 809 114 7858
Office Fax: 234 809 114 78
As you contact the Eastvile National Bank, tell them you want to register
online with their bank to enable you have access to your funds in their
bank for easy transfer from your country and they should send you their
web site to enable you register online.
I am looking forward to hear that you have contacted the Eastvile National
Mr Eze Peters,