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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jose Manuel Correa" <>
Date: Tue, 24 Oct 2017 09:57:43 -0000
Subject: Re:Read This Email

This email is to inform you concerning a business transaction that will be
of great benefit for the both of us, which is definitely going to be of
mutual benefit for us. I need your permission to provide you with the full

Kindly reply me with your full names and phone numbers to contact you with
to my private email contact below as soon as possible. Please treat this
as most confidential

Kind regards

Mr. Jose Manuel Correa

Anti-fraud resources: