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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Sylvia Donovan" <>
Date: Mon, 23 Oct 2017 21:44:56 +0200
Subject: Charity endorsement proposal including itself Surprising Benefits!

From : Mrs. Sylvia Donovan
My name is Mrs. Sylvia Donovan I am 75 years old woman and was diagnosed
for cancer about four years ago,immediately after the death of my husband.
Due to my health challenge my doctor told me my days are numbered I have
decided to donate what I have to the Charities.

I have been touched to donate from what I have inherited from my late
husband for the good work rather than allow his relatives to lavish my
husband's hard earned fund. As I lay on my sick bed, I want you to help me
in carrying out my last wish on earth which will also be very profitable
to you.

I want to WILL a total sum of $30 million USD to you which I want you to
distribute part of it to any charity home for me and the rest for yourself
and your family.

I will inform you on how to share all.
For further information contact me Email :

Mrs. Sylvia Donovan.

Anti-fraud resources: