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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ann Leigh" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 20 Oct 2017 20:58:24 -0000
Subject: Hei

Hello My Dear,

Greetings to you, my name is Sgt. Hester Ann Leigh, are you getting my emails?please write me back immediately to let me know, its very important and urgent, i will send you my picture after i hear back from you.

Sgt. Hester Ann Leigh

Hei min kjære,

Hilsen til deg, jeg heter Sgt. Hester Ann Leigh, får du min e-post? Vennligst skriv meg tilbake umiddelbart for å gi meg beskjed, det er veldig viktig og presserende, jeg vil sende deg bildet mitt etter at jeg hører tilbake fra deg.

Sgt. Hester Ann Leigh

Anti-fraud resources: