fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- director: harrow financial services (uk) limited email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Peter Smith" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 23 Oct 2017 08:31:45 -0700
Subject: Bank Instruments & Investment/Project Loan Funding.
My name is Peter Smith, I work as an independent financial adviser/broker f=
or a UK investment finance company.
our company can assist you in securing project and investment loan funding =
that can be used in any country from USD $5 Million - $USD250 Million per t=
ranche with the option of multiple tranches for projects valued over $USD25=
0 Million at a very competitive global rate ranging from 1.25% per annum; t=
o aid you secure funds or to activate a credit line from your local bank in=
your country or any globally AAA+ rated banks or top investment house to f=
und your projects.
Our area of services specialisation focuses more on helping our clients
1. Securing Investment / Project Loan Funding
2. Leasing / Buying Bank instrument Bank Guarantee (BG) or Standby Letter o=
f Credit (SBLC)) from any global rated AAA+ rated banks.
3. Monetisation of already issued bank BG or SBLC up to 90% of the total fa=
Kindly contact us today and let us know which is our services you are inter=
ested in and we will be glad to assist you.
Mr. Peter Smith
Director: Harrow Financial Services (UK) Limited
Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org