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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Howard Frank" <>
Date: Mon, 23 Oct 2017 04:11:45 -0700
Subject: Re: Hello Dear

Hello Dear,

How are you doing today? am Howard and i must tell you how delighted i am t=
o send you this mail. Am a single parent from Chicago,and i hope you don't =
get angry at my little note, I have been a widower for the last couple of =
years, After the death of my wife some years ago, i decided to move on in s=
earch of a partner.And I hope we can get to know more about each other! A f=
riend of mine found his soul-mate through this medium. I like us to get acq=
uainted via the exchange of mails as it takes time for people to compose an=
email and say a little about themselves. I have a son and a Bulmastiff as =
family and will like to know more about. Attached with this mail are my pic=
tures for your perusal. I look forward to reading your mail. Here is my ema=
il ( ) God bless and have a nice day.
Regards Howard

Anti-fraud resources: