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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 23 Oct 2017 16:55:58 +0100
Subject: Atten:Beneficiary!!Regarding The Transaction of $22.5m pet

Federal Reserve Bank of New York
33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045

We have told you to get the Transfer documents so that the $22.5m can be
released to you but till this moment never heard from you.Its now certain
you are not serious and the $22.5m will be canceled and reallocated to your
representatives in according to the International Remittance Policy of
section 84 sub section 45.
Attached are the scanned copies of your representatives, Also reconfirm your
contact details and direct telephone number.
Awaiting your response.

Scott Anderson
Senior Personal Assistance
Chairman Board of Governors,
Federal Reserve Bank

Anti-fraud resources: