fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: khov Sambath <email@example.com>
Reply-To: khov Sambath <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 2 Oct 2017 18:29:32 +0900 (JST)
Subject: PLEASE RESPOND TO ME URGETLY
I am sorry for this interruption. With due regards, my name is Mr khov Sambath. The Manager Auditing and Accounting Department of Mekong bank Plc. Cambodia branch office here in Phenom Penh city. There is a draft account opened in my bank in 2002 by a long-time client of our bank, a national of
your country who also bears the same last name as you.
He was a ceo/a textile company owner, business man, a miner at Kruger mining company here in Cambodia; before he passed away on the November 16th 2004 by car accident with his wife and two children along Cambodia Vietnam road,leaving nobody as the Next-Of-Kin who can come for it. Now i want to present
you as his representative, i will use my position and influence in our bank to make sure they release this money to you for us to share.
Kindly get back to me for more details.
Mr khov Sambath.