fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "is 100% risk-free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: John Park<firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 1 Oct 2017 10:59:10 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: I will explain further when you respond
Permit me to inform you of my desire of going into business relationship with you. My name is John Park, I am a season Banker with Banco Santander, S.A as well an account officer to a deceased customer Dr. George Brumley, He was involved in an air crash along with his wife and only daughter. Other family members who could have claim this fund also died along with him, his account of US$6.5 Million with us have been unclaimed due to unavailability of next of kin/relatives. I seek your partnership to stand as the next of kin (Business Partner) to enable us claim the inheritance.
I will be able to prepare the necessary documents and affidavit which will put you in place as the Next of Kin (Business Partner). I will draft and carry out the notarization of the WILL and also obtain the necessary documents and letter of probate/administration in your favor for the claim. We stand to gain immensely on the successful completion of this mutual undertaking. I am compelled to do this because I would not want the bank to push my client funds US$6.5 Million into their UK treasury as unclaimed inheritance. You should be rest assured that this is 100% risk-free also free from any breach of the law. You can reach me directly on this number: Tel: +447937684479 or my email address: email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
I wait for your response so that we can commence on this project as soon as possible.
John Park (BCom, CA, MA (Hons)
Banco Santander, S.A
Santander Private Banking
50 Mark Lane. London, EC3R 7QR. United Kingdom.
Tel: +44 7937025283 / +447937684479